EV Charging Station Related Ordinances
Electric Vehicle Charging Stations (EVCS)
1524.02 General Requirements.
1524.03 Colocation with Motor Fuel Dispensing Equipment.
- “Electric vehicle charging station” or “EVCS” means a public parking space that is served by battery charging station equipment for the purpose of transferring electrical energy (by conductive or inductive means) to a battery or other energy storage device within an electric vehicle.
1524.02 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS.
- These requirements pertain to all EVCS that use either Level 2 or Level 3 charging equipment, as defined by the U.S. Department of Transportation. If a charging station has more than (1) one port, each port shall count as a charging station.
- The designated parking space(s) for an EVCS shall be above the minimum number of parking spaces required for the site.
- The recommended parking space dimensions for an EVCS are a minimum of ten (10) feet wide by twenty (20) feet long when new spaces are installed for such use. An additional five feet in width shall be required for ADA accessible locations.
- The charging station and equipment shall be protected by wheel stops and bollards in accordance with Ohio Fire Code (2017) Section 312, Vehicle Impact Protection.
- Each parking space designated for EVCS shall be clearly identified as reserved for electric vehicle charging only.
- Charging station equipment shall not exceed eight (8) feet in height.
- Charging stations shall not include overhead canopies.
- The EVCS shall comply with the current National Electric Code (NEC) and shall be inspected once a year and proof of inspection shall be made available to the AHJ.
- An EVCS shall be installed in a location as follows:
- Ten (10) feet from property lines,
- Twenty (20) feet or more from buildings having combustible exterior wall surfaces, and
- Ten (10) feet or more from buildings having a one-hour fire resistive exterior surface.
- EVCS shall be designed and constructed in accordance with state and local building codes and this ordinance.
- EVCS shall be constructed, operated, and maintained based on manufacturer’s instructions.
- Any attendants shall be trained in the operation of the EVCS system and able to supervise and respond to emergencies.
- EVCS shall be provided with one or more clearly identified shutoff devices or electrical disconnects with an approved sign stating, “Emergency Electrical Vehicle Charging System Shutoff.”
- EVCS shall have emergency instructions conspicuously posted in the area and shall include the following:
- Use of Emergency shutoff button/disconnection device,
- Report incident by calling 9-1-1, and
- Report location to emergency services.
- Emergency shutoff devices or electrical disconnects shall be installed in an approved location accessible to patrons but not less than 20 feet or more than 30 feet from the EVCS.
- Resetting from an emergency shutoff condition shall require manual intervention.
- Lighting shall be selected and installed in accordance with applicable building codes and local ordinances and shall be sufficient for safe operation and security.
- At least one portable fire extinguisher for each group of EVCS shall be provided and shall not exceed a travel distance of 75 feet.
1524.03 COLOCATION WITH MOTOR FUEL DISPENSING EQUIPMENT.
- The following installation requirements shall be met when an EVCS is located in proximity to motor fuel dispensing equipment:
- Shall be located twenty (20) feet or more in all directions from dispensing devices for flammable or combustible liquids;
- Shall be located ten (10) feet in all directions from above ground and underground storage tanks, tank fill connections, remote and submersible pump transfer equipment, vapor recovery equipment, and vents; and
- Shall be located twenty-five (25) feet in all directions from the location of tank vehicles while filling and transferring flammable or combustible liquids.
- EVCS shall be designed so that the pooling of flammable or combustible liquids cannot occur in the charging area.
- At attended locations and motor fuel dispensing facilities, an additional emergency EVCS shutoff or electrical disconnect shall be located at the attendant’s location.
Whoever violates any provision of this chapter is guilty of a misdemeanor of the third degree and shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars ($500.00) or imprisoned not more than sixty (60) days, or both.